Calculating ampacity ratings of feeders conductors
Factors Affecting Ampacity Ratings
Although there are many factors that affect the ampacity ratings of conductors, this Module will restrict the discussion to the following three factors:
- Continuous Current
- Short Circuit Current
- Voltage Drop
The National Electric Code (NEC) defines the continuous current rating of a conductor as ampacity, which means “the current in amperes that a conductor can carry continuously under the conditions of use without exceeding its temperature rating”.
For example, ambient temperature is a condition of use. A 75°C conductor installed outdoors in Saudi Arabia would have very little ampacity capability compared to the same temperature-rated conductor installed indoors in an air-conditioned space.
Another example of condition of use is the number of conductors that are installed in a raceway (conduit).
Short Circuit Current
The short circuit current rating of a conductor is the maximum current that a conductor can carry, for a specific and very short time interval, without reaching temperatures that will permanently damage the conductor insulation.
Note – The next Information Sheet will discuss in detail the calculation of the short circuit ratings of conductors.
Because most electrical equipment is voltage-sensitive, it is very important to have within equipment and design standard tolerances, the proper voltage at the terminals that are serving the equipment. Any excessive voltage drop could possibly damage the equipment and impair its proper operation.
Note – Calculating the voltage drop of feeder conductors will be discussed later in this Module.
|Title:||Designing Low Voltage Non-Motor Industrial Feeder Circuits – Saudi Aramco|
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