# Current Transformers Selection Guide

## Determination of the customer’s needs

### Electrical characteristics of the primary circuits suivant Norme IEC

The primary circuits of the current transformer must withstand the constraints related to the medium voltage network to which it is connected.

### Rated frequency

This is the frequency of the installation.

A CT defined for 50 Hz can be installed on a 60 Hz network with the same level of accuracy. However, the opposite is not true. For a non-referenced unit, it is vital to indicate the rated frequency on the order from.

#### Rated voltage of the primary circuit (Upn)

General case:

Insulation level continuity for the whole installation will be ensured if the rated voltage of the CT used is the rated voltage of the installation. The rated voltage determines the insulation level of the equipment. Generally we choose the rated voltage based on the duty voltage, Us, according to the following table:

Specific case:
If the CT is installed on a bushing or a cable providing insulation, the CT can be LV ring type.

#### Primary service current (Ips)

Knowledge about the primary service current will enable us to determine the rated primary current for the CT taking into account any eventual derating.

The service current depends on the power traversing the primaryÂ windings of the CT.

If:
S = apparent power in VA
Ups = primary service voltage in V
P = active power of the motor in W
Q = reactive power of the capacitors in VAR
Ips = primary service current in Amp

We will have :

Incoming cubicle:

Generator incomer:

Transformer feeder:

Motor feeder:

Î·Â = efficiency of the motor

If you do not know exact values for j and h as a first approximation, youÂ can assume that: cos j = 0.8 ; h = 0.8

Capacitor feeder:

1.3 is a de-rating factor of 30% which compensates for heat-up due toÂ harmonics in the capacitors.

Bus tie:

The Ips current in the CT is the highest permanent current that can circulateÂ in the connection.

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1. Rama
Jun 24, 2015

Useful article

2. Ahmed
Jun 20, 2015

Hello brothers ,
Any one has the reference showing how much can the transformer loading % for permanent

Regards
Am

Jan 18, 2014

can you give me some information about important test for CT
and what is the best device we can use ?

• nauman
Jan 19, 2014

Ct megnatisation test,ct winding resistance,polarity test and ct ratio test s are important….

4. Nisar Bahleem
Oct 24, 2012

Current Transformers please any one elaborates the CTs made by ENERGOINVEST in 1970s according to their construction/design and selection.?

Nisar Bahleem

5. mohammed ashwaq
Sep 22, 2012

hey bro am the continous follower of your technical aritcles…am very much passionate about my electrical engg…..and wanna always enhance my self with more and more of this kind of articles…but…as am MEP field working as electrical engg here in dubai….i would love if you can suggest me some books or some site which can help me …..in my work